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Dmitry Kobak (Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Lisbon, Portugal) | Dimensionality reduction of neural population data

When May 19, 2015
from 05:15 PM to 06:45 PM
Where Lecture Hall, Hansastr. 9a
Contact Name Carsten Mehring
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Abstract

Neurons in higher cortical areas, such as the prefrontal cortex, are often tuned to a variety of sensory and motor variables, and are therefore said to display mixed selectivity. This complexity of single neuron responses can obscure what information these areas represent and how it is represented, and it has been argued that such data need to be approached with dimensionality reduction techniques. Here I will describe a dimensionality reduction technique, demixed principal component analysis (dPCA), that decomposes population activity into a few components. In addition to systematically capturing the majority of the variance of the data, dPCA also exposes the neural representation in terms of task parameters such as stimuli, decisions, or rewards. To illustrate the method, I will show how it treats a number of population datasets comprising different species, different cortical areas and different experimental tasks. In each case, dPCA provides a concise way of visualizing the data that summarizes all the relevant features of the population response in a single figure. Moreover, dPCA highlights several important and seemingly universal features of the population activity; e.g. that most of the neural activity is not related to any of the controlled task parameters, such as stimuli or decision; or that there are no well-separated functional clusters of cells.

 

Supported by

Bernstein Center Freiburg | PhD Program BrainDiscDeutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst DAADFederal Ministery of Education and ResearchCarl Zeiss FoundationNeurexNeuroCampusTIGER |  Trinationale Initiative GehirnerkrankungenEU Development FundEU InterregNeurAGBrainLinks BrainTools

 

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