Bernstein Center Freiburg

Bernstein Seminar

January 26, 2021
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Bernstein Seminar
WULFRAM GERSTNER ►

École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne EPFL | Brain Mind Institute | Lausanne | Switzerland

Neo-Hebbian three-factor rules of synaptic plasticity: surprise, surprise!

Tuesday, January 26, 2021

17:15h

The talk is open to the public.
Guests are cordially invited!

Hosted by Stefan Rotter

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Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID and password will be sent with e-mail invitation
or contact Fiona Siegfried
Fiona Siegfried@bcf.uni-freiburg.de

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Abstract

Hebbbian learning has been the dominant paradigm of synaptic plasticity. Hebbian learning works with two factors, i.e., a combination of presynaptic spike arrivals with postsynaptic activation. In a more general theory, Hebbian learning just sets an eligibility trace and marks the synapse as being ready for change, but a third factor is needed to turn the potential plasticity into an actual change of synaptic weight. In this talk I discuss experimental and theoretical evidence supporting such a framework: In biology, the third factor could be provided by broadly projecting neuromodulators. In models, the third factor could be not just moments of reward, but also moments of surprise. The last part of my talk will focus on our recent work around surprise.

Literature

[1] Eligibility traces and plasticity on behavioral time scales: experimental support of neoHebbian three-factor learning rules. W Gerstner, M Lehmann, V Liakoni, D Corneil, J Brea. Frontiers in neural circuits 12, 53 (2018)
[2]One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making. MP Lehmann, HA Xu, V Liakoni, MH Herzog, W Gerstner, K Preuschoff. Elife 8, e47463 (2019)
[3] An Approximate Bayesian Approach to Surprise-Based Learning. V Liakoni, A Modirshanechi, W Gerstner, J Brea. To appear in Neural Computation (2021) arXiv preprint arXiv:1907.02936
[4] Novelty is not surprise. H.A. Xu, A. Modirshanechi, M.P. Lehmann, W. Gerstner, M.H. Herzog (2020). bioRxiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.09.24.311084

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